WaveCon Elliptic page 2 
OPERATION Operation may be understood by considering a test signal tuned in frequency from inside the filter passband into its stopband. As the signal frequency enters the stopband its power level decreases until it equals the power level due to the power through the capacitively coupled path.
When the power level of the normal filter attenuation path equals that of the capacitively coupled path, if the phases are the same, the powers will add and the resultant outofband rejection will be degraded. If the two signals are 180 degrees outofphase, the power levels will cancel. When cross coupling design is done correctly, the signals will cancel and an attenuation 'notch' or 'notches' will appear at the band edges. Note that as the signal frequency is further moved away from center frequency, the signal from the crosscoupled path will be larger than that of the normal filter path. Thus, far outofband attenuation will be less than that of the elliptic filter.
Advantages and Disadvantages of CrossCoupled vs. Elliptic Filters. Advantages of CrossCoupled filters: 1) permit design of smaller filters, 2) tapped filters may be built with this approach since no additional zero lines are required next to the input and output lines, 3) A deeper attenuation 'notch' can be achieved with lossy filters than is possible with Elliptic filters. Disadvantages of the CrossCoupled Filters are: 1) attenuation notches can only be located at the filter passband edges. Elliptic filters can be designed with zeros anywhere in frequency. 2) stop band characteristics of the are generally poorer than Elliptic filters.
STRUCTURES: Microstrip Shielded Microstrip Stripline Suspended Substrate Round Rod Rectangular Bar Accounts for dispersion and unequal phase velocities in microstrip coupled lines.
FILTER RESPONSE TYPES Designs for Chebychev, Butterworth and Flat Group Delay. Responses computed for any ripple and up to 17 sections. 
ROUND ROD FILTERS Round rod Interdigital or Combline filters have additional choices as selecting equal rod diameters, choosing side wall or end wall distances. Shown below are examples of tapped interdigital and combline crosscoupled filters. Not shown are the parallel coupled input/output coupling versions of the interdigital and crosscoupled filters.
FREQUENCY RESPONSE Frequency response is computed for loss, return loss, group delay and SParameters.
Capacitors with interconnecting line.
Tuning capacitors at end of lines.
COMBLINE CROSSCOUPLED FILTER
End wall absent Cover not shown for clarity. for clarity.
Line tapping input rod.
Aperture in the dividing wall, coupling second & second to last rods
ROD INTERDIGITAL CROSSCOUPLED FILTER
